PCOS & Diabetes in Women

Coming again with some new information for all of my readers. Keep reading and spreading awareness for a healthy community.

PCOS – Polycystic Ovary Syndrome , Women who have polycystic ovary syndrome have a higher risk of developing type 2 Diabetes (T2D) and are diagnosed at an early age with the condition, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Many women with PCOS are obese but the risk for the development of diabetes in PCOS is unknown. PCOS is one of the most common endocrine conditions in women of childbearing age.

Women who have PCOS produce slightly higher amounts of testosterone and other hormones than average. The elevated levels in women with PCOS can contribute to irregular or absent menstrual periods, infertility, weight gain, acne or excess hair on the face and body. Women who have PCOS also face a higher risk of developing other health problems, such as Diabetes.

Researchers found that women with PCOS were four times more likely to develop Type 2 Diabetes compared to their counterparts who did not have the disorder. The average age of women with PCOS who received a diagnosis of T2D was 31 years. The average age for women women without PCOS and diagnosed with T2D was 35 years.

The study’s author note that BMI and fasting blood glucose levels are the best predictors of the development of Type 2 Diabetes in patients with PCOS.

 

Thank you for Reading , You can share your thoughts in the comment section .

STAY HEALTHY , STAY HAPPY

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Thyroid Diet – Do’s

Hello… friends…

So now for thyroid patients What to eat is mentioned in this post…

What to EAT :

Thyroid patients must contain following 3 things in their regular diet.

1. Salad – Salad mainly made from cucumber, onion, carrots & sprouts. (sprouts – boiled for 5 minutes )

2. Boiled Vegetables – In this mainly eat boiled potatoes, sweet potatoes, cluster beans, drumsticks like food. This will add up good nutrition for patients.

3. In main meal regularly eat brown rice with different types of dals.

  • Cooking oil – use coconut oil ( most preferred )

  • Other requirements in diet are..

Vitamin B – Get it through 1 or 2 glass of milk or 1 or 2 cup of curd which is high in protein, vitamin B & selenium.

Vitamin D – Add mushrooms in diet.

Dry fruits – Mainly walnuts – helps to decrease stress level.. and tension.

Add oat meal to diet for breakfast.

Regular detoxification add either ginger water / green tea or wheat grass juice in morning.

Fruits – Patients can have apples ,pineapples, pomegranate, musk melon ( high in potassium )

& can have juice of grapes, oranges , pineapple and carrots twice a day.

These much is enough to take care of thyroid.. Cure it in natural way. Patient will improve their mental health through this diet so improvement can be seen faster.

Thank you all for Reading.

On demand of Rekha Sahay – here is all about thyroid diet…. Hope it will help you & also others.

☺ Stay healthy, Stay happy ☺

Thyroid Diet – Don’t s.

#thyroiddiet #whattoavoid.

As I am posting thyroid series… here I am with natural cure of thyroid especially hypothyroidism along with weight loss.

I will give you information about what you should eat & what you must avoid to cure your thyroid naturally.

What to Avoid :

  1. Sugar – Sugar has zero nutrition value. It slows down your metabolism which results in weight gain.
  2. Gluten – Gluten is the ingredient which is used in the making of pav, bread, pizza base, burgers i.e. products made up of all purpose flour (maida). Avoid these products in diet because it reduces effectiveness of medicines & causes lack of essential nutrients in the body.
  3. Soya products – Thyroid patients should avoid soyabean oil, soyabean milk,paneer and soyabean as pulse in their diet. Also avoid chinise food with high amount of soya sauce.
  4. Cruciferous vegetables – Patients with iodine deficiency must avoid vegetables like Cabbage, Cauliflower, Broccoli because they contain high Goitrogens which reduces iodine in body.
  5. Junk food should be avoided. In that fried food, processed / packed food , fatty foods i.e. made up of all purpose flour – pizza, burger, cakes, pastas, noodles, etc.

What to Eat will be in Up in the next post…

Post on demand by…. Rekha Sahay… Get your required information through this & next post. 😊

Thank you for Reading.

☺ Stay healthy, Stay happy ☺

Thyroid Diseases in brief….part 3 

# Thyroiditis

So lastly remains Thyroiditis from the thyroid diseases…

Thyroiditis is a term indicating presence of thyroid inflammation.

Causes : 

  • Autoimmune thyroiditis
  • Postpartum – painless thyroiditis
  • Acute infectious thyroiditis
  • Post irradiation
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Riedel’s thyroiditis

Acute thyroiditis

Clinical features : 

  • local pain , tenderness
  • Painfull swallowing / difficulty in swallowing 

Postpartum thyroiditis – painless lymphocytic thyroiditis occurs in upto 10% of women, postpartum.

Riedel’s thyroiditis – rare , occurs primarily in middle aged women.

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis – An autoimmune disorder which typically affects middle-aged & elderly women.

Feel free to ask if you don’t understand medical terms. 
☺ Stay healthy, Stay happy ☺

Thyroid Diseases in brief…. part 2.

#Hypothyroidism #myxoedema

Hi friends,  I have acknowledge you all about Hyperthyroidism in my last post… Now in this I am going to share about Hypothyroidism.

Hypothyroidism is a clinical condition results from reduced production of thyroid hormone. When Hypothyroidism is of severe stage & long standing,  it is seen as myxoedema which is characterised by deposition of hyaluronic acid and mucopolysaccharides causing swelling of skin and of subcutaneous tissues.

 

 

Face in picture represents Myxoedema.

 

Causes of Hypothyroidism / Myxoedema : 

Primary Hypothyroidism

Acquired

  • Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis
  • Iodine deficiency
  • Drug induced
  • Goitrogens in foodstuffs
  • Cytokines

Congenital

  • Defect in iodine transport/utilisation
  • Thyroid peroxidase  (TPO) deficiency
  • Defect in thyroglobulin synthesis
  • Thyroid agenesis
  • TSH receptor defects
  • Idiopathic TSH unresponsiveness

Central Hypothyroidism

Acquired

  • Secondary  (pituitary origin)
  • Tertiary  (hypothalamic disorders)

Congenital

  • TSH deficiency
  • TSH receptor defect

Resistance to thyroid hormone
Clinical features : 

General – tiredness, weight gain, cold intolerance, goiter

Skin & subcutaneous tissues – dry skin , puffiness of face , baggy eyelids, Myxoedema – swollen oedematous appearance of neck, back of hands & feet , minimal sweating,  alopecia, vitiligo.

Respiratory /Cardiovascular – Bradycardia,  angina, cardiac failure, pleural effusion

Psychiatric features – depression  (myxoedema madness) , psychosis

Neuromuscular – aches & pains , carpal tunnel syndrome, cerebellar ataxia , muscle stiffness

Hematological – Iron deficiency anemia,  Macrocytic anemia,  pernicious anemia

Reproductive system – Infertility,  Menorrhagia, Impotence

Developmental – Growth retardation, mental retardation, delayed puberty

Investigation :

Thyroid function tests – 

  • reduced T4 , rise in serum TSH indicates primary hypothyroidism.
  • Reduced T4, With normal or below level of serum TSH suggests secondary hypothyroidism.

Serum cholesterol – Elevated in primary thyroid failure.

ECG – bradycardia 

Management

Replacement therapy : Thyroxine  (T4). Syptomatic improvement is seen within 2- 3 weeks of starting treatment.

Monitoring therapy : Restoration of T4 and TSH to normal level.

Hope you get some knowledge through this post.. Feel free to ask if you don’t understand medical terms….

Thank you for Reading.

☺Stay healthy, Stay happy ☺

Thyroid Diseases in brief…. part 1. 

#Hyperthyroidism #Grave’sdisease 

Thyroid Diseases mainly consist :

1. Hyperthyroidism

2. Hypothyroidism

3. Thyroiditis

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism is the syndrome resulting from excess of thyroid hormones. The term Hyperthyroidism indicates thyroid gland overactivity resulting in thyrotoxicosis, but thyrotoxicosis can occur without hyperthyroidism when stored hormone is released from a damaged thyroid or when excess thyroid hormone is taken.

Common Causes of thyrotoxicosis – 

1. Grave’s disease – Autoimmune disorder in which thyroid stimulating immunoglobulin  (TSI) binds to & stimulate thyroid stimulating hormone  (TSH) receptor on thyroid cell membrane resulting in excessive synthesis and secretion of thyroid hormone.

2. Toxic adenoma – monoclonal autonomously secreting benign thyroid tumor

3. Toxic multi-nodular goiter – multiple  monoclonal autonomously secreting benign thyroid tumor

4. Exogenous thyroid hormone – excess exogenous thyroid hormone

Clinical features:

Thyrotoxicosis

Symptoms – weight loss,  increased appetite,  heat intolerance & sweating,  fatigue & weakness,  hyperactivity, irritability, dysphoria, insomnia,  depression, diarrhoea,  polyuria,periodic paralysis

Signs – tremor, hyper-reflexia, warm moist heat, hairloss, muscle weakness,  cardiac failure

Diagnosis done by – 

1. Serum T3 ,T4

2. Thyroid radioiodine uptake

3. Thyroid scan

4. Serum thyroperoxidase (TPO)

Management: of Grave’s disease –

1. Antithyroid drugs

2. Radioactive iodine

3. Subtotal thyroidectomy.