Facts on Breastfeeding – 2

In continuation of last post some more facts on Breastfeeding recommended by WHO are…

Long term benefits for children

Beyond the immediate benefits for children, breastfeeding contributes to a lifetime of good health. Adolescents and adults who were breastfed as babies are less likely to be overweight or obese. They are less likely to have type- II diabetes and perform better in intelligence tests.

Why not infant formula?

Infant formula does not contain the antibodies found in breast milk. The long term benefits of breastfeeding for mothers and children cannot be replicated with infant formula. When infant formula is not prepared, there are risks arising from the use of unsafe water and unsterilized equipment or the potential presence of bacteria in powdered formula. Malnutrition can result from over- diluting formula to “stretch” supplies. While frequent feeding maintains breast milk supply, if formula is used but becomes unavailable, a return to breastfeeding may not be an option due to diminished breast milk production.

HIV and breastfeeding

An HIV-infected mother can pass the infection to her infant during pregnancy, delivery and through breastfeeding. However, antiretroviral (ARV) drugs given to either the mother or HIV-exposed infant reduces the risk of transmission. Together, breastfeeding and ARVs have the potential to significantly improve infants’ chances of surviving while remaining HIV uninfected. WHO recommends that when HIV-infected mothers breastfeed, they should receive ARVs and follow WHO guidance for infant feeding.

To be continued….

☺ STAY HEALTHY, STAY HAPPY ☺

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